Haridwar Maha Kumbha Mela 2021 | Date of Event : 2021 | Fairs and Festivals in India

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Haridwar Maha Kumbha Mela 2021

Date of Event : 2021

Important Dates of Allahabad Ardh Kumbh Mela - 2019
Makar Sankranti 15 Jan 2019
Paush Purnima 21 Jan 2019
Mauni Amavasya 04 Feb 2019
Basant Panchami 10 Feb 2019
Maghi Purnima 19 Feb 2019
Maha Shivratri 04 Mar 2019

The first written evidence of the Kumbh Mela can be found in the accounts of Chinese monk Xuanzang (alternately Hsuan Tsang) who visited India in 629–645 CE, during the reign of King Harshavardhana. However, similar observances date back many centuries, where the river festivals first started getting organised. According to medieval Hindu theology, its origin is found in one of the most popular medieval puranas, the Bhagavata Purana. The Samudra manthan episode (Churning of the ocean of milk), is mentioned in the Bhagavata Purana, Vishnu Purana, the Mahabharata, and the Ramayana.

The account goes that the Devas had lost their strength by the curse of Durväsä Muni, and to regain it, they approached Lord Brahma and Lord Shiva. They directed all the demigods to Lord Vishnu and after praying to Lord Vishnu, he instructed them to churn the ocean of milk Ksheera Sagara to receive amrita (the nectar of immortality). This required them to make a temporary agreement with their arch enemies, the Asuras, to work together with a promise of sharing the wealth equally thereafter. However, when the Kumbha (urn) containing the amrita appeared, a fight ensued. For twelve days and twelve nights (equivalent to twelve human years) the Devas and Asuras fought in the sky for the pot of amrita. It is believed that during the battle, Lord Vishnu (incarnated as Mohini-Mürti) flew away with the Kumbha of elixir spilling drops of amrita at five places: Allahabad (Prayag), Haridwar, Ujjain, Nashik and Chataradham.

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