The first written evidence of the Kumbh Mela can be found in the accounts of Chinese monk Xuanzang (alternately Hsuan Tsang) who visited India in 629–645 CE, during the reign of King Harshavardhana. However, similar observances date back many centuries, where the river festivals first started getting organised. According to medieval Hindu theology, its origin is found in one of the most popular medieval puranas, the Bhagavata Purana. The Samudra manthan episode (Churning of the ocean of milk), is mentioned in the Bhagavata Purana, Vishnu Purana, the Mahabharata, and the Ramayana.
The extreme limit of cultivation is at Korzok, on the Tso-moriri lake, at 4,600 m are widely considered to be the highest fields in the world.
2. The Bailey Bridge is the highest bridge in the world
A Bailey bridge between the Suru River and Dras River in Ladakh, India is the highest bridge in the world at an altitude of 5,602 metres above sea level. It was built in 1982 by the Indian Army.
3. Only place in India where Twin Humped Camels can be found
The Bactrian camel (two-humped) is a large, even-toed ungulate native. The Bactrian camel has two humps on its back, in contrast to the single-humped dromedary camel, they are rare compared to single hump camels. These camels are one of the main attraction of the Nubra valley in Ladakh.
4. Ladakh is home to the Mystical Magnetic Hill
Magnet Hill is a so-called “gravity hill” located near Leh in Ladakh, India. The “Hill” is located on the Leh-Kargil-Srinagar national highway, about 30 km from Leh, at a height of 11,000 feet above sea level. The alignment of the road with the slope of the background can give the illusion that cars are able to drift upwards.
5. Ladakh is the Highest Plateau in the state of Kashmir
Ladakh is the highest plateau of state of Kashmir with much of it being over 3,000 m. It extends from the Himalayas to the Kunlun Ranges and includes the upper Indus River valley.
6. The Pangong Lake in Ladakh is one Of the Highest Salt Lakes in the world
Pangong Tso means “high grassland lake” in Tibetan language , also referred to as Pangong Lake, is an endorheic lake in the Himalayas situated at a height of about 4,350 m. During winter the lake freezes completely, despite being saline water.
The festival of kites, celebrated on 15th of January in India.
Makara Sankranti is a Hindu festival celebrated in almost all parts of India and Nepal in a myriad of cultural forms. It is a harvest festival. It is the Hindi/Indo-Aryan languages name for Makara Sankranthi (still used in southern areas as the official name).
Makar Sankranti marks the transition of the Sun into the zodiac sign of Makara rashi (Capricorn) on its celestial path. The day is also believed to mark the arrival of spring in India and is a traditional. Makara Sankranti is a solar event making one of the few Indian festivals which fall on the same date in the Gregorian calendar every year: 14 January, with some exceptions when the festival is celebrated on 13 or 15 January.
It is believed that Ganga nourishes the Varanasi civilization for long and it has been a great religious importance in the Hindu society. It provides the people a great sense of different identity and belonging. For the religious and cultural beliefs of the people to the River Ganges, a festival of Ganga Mahotsav is organized every year. People at Varanasi celebrate Ganga Mahotsav continuously for 5 days at the banks of the River Gange.
Peacock – the National Bird of India. Peacocks are large, colorful pheasants (typically blue and green) known for their iridescent tails. These tail feathers, or coverts, spread out in a distinctive train that is more than 60 percent of the bird’s total body length and boast colorful “eye” markings of blue, gold, red, and other hues. The large train is used in mating rituals and courtship displays. It can be arched into a magnificent fan that reaches across the bird’s back and touches the ground on either side. Females are believed to choose their mates according to the size, color, and quality of these outrageous feather trains.
Deepawali or Diwali is certainly the biggest and the brightest of all Hindu festivals. It’s the festival of lights (deep = light and avali = a row i.e., a row of lights) that’s marked by four days of celebration, which literally illumines the country with its brilliance, and dazzles all with its joy. Each of the four days in the festival of Diwali is separated by a different tradition, but what remains true and constant is the celebration of life, its enjoyment and goodness.
Best place for the ornithologist and for the people who likes to spend the entire day in bird watching. The park is the host of 230 species of birds, among them some are migratory. The wonderful flying view and the melodious songs of birds always encourages the naturalist, poets and authors to write their best theme sitting amidst the nature.
India and Nepal are a shoppers paradise. Shopping could be a pleasant experience. You may get best selection and bargains in handcrafted jewelry, wooden handicraft, precious & semi precious stones, marble, handmade marble statues, carpets, rugs, silk, handmade paper, handmade paper products and leather goods. Shopping is suggested from reputable shops. Most of them will ship your merchandise in time but it is advisable to bring your purchases with you or ship yourself.
North India – List of cities / states with products known for:
Garments, fabrics, leather, bags, footwear etc.
Garments, handicraft articles, precious & semi precious stones, jewelry, wooden furniture, marble, marble statues, sandstone, carpet, handmade paper products etc.
Carpet, footwear, handicraft articles, leather, garments etc.
India is a great destination for travelers of all different budgets. In terms of a holiday, India has pretty much all climates and sceneries on earth and that fact that it won’t bankrupt you only makes it a more attractive destination.
From accommodation to transport, guides to meals; we have included a short guide below about what you will potentially spend. This can help you effectively plan your journey to India and enjoy your holiday all the more. Whether you are a backpacker, a modest traveler, a luxury-lover or someone who wants to see everything the country has, this country can fit your budget.
We have separated this article into four ranges; Backpacker, Budget, Mid-range and Luxury. Remember that these rates will change depending on the season, hotels, activities, type of transport etc.
Backpacker (20-30$ / 15-20€ per day/per person)
For the backpacker, you can stay in basic accommodation, eat out in modest establishments and obviously sample some of the amazing street food. You will be able to use local buses and non air-conditioned trains. The value for backpackers is that they really immerse themselves in the culture of this wonderful country.
Budget (35-55$ / 25-40€ per day/per person)
This is a modest calculation for the budget traveler. If you really are a diehard backpacker, you can actually live in India for less than this. However, this calculation will include stay in budget hotels, home-stays and cheap dormitories. You will be able to travel in local government and sometimes private transport and non air-conditioned trains. Monuments in India can cost more and the cost will obviously depend on how much you want to see.
Mid-range (55-80$ / 40-60€ per day/per person)
The mid-range budget is what most travelers to India will live on. With this amount of money per day you can really experience some of the places that this fantastic country has to offer. You can stay in interesting hotels such as ‘havelis’ and even old manor houses and palaces where the royalty used to live. You will be able to have a chauffeur and car, some flights, air-conditioned trains and buses. Although there are loads of different types of eateries you can go to, a mid-range restaurant will set you back between 20-25$ or 15-20€.
Luxury (110-160$ / 80 -120€ per day/per person)
There are some of the best and most luxurious hotels in the world in India. You can have 5star treatment, incredible world and local cuisine, a large car with chauffer, internal flights according to your timetable, guides or escorts and much more. Take in mind that larger metropolis cities will be marginally more expensive (such as Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata). As a note, the super-high end hotels will probably set you back from 200€ per day per person.
Travelers take note:
Foreign travelers are generally charged more to enter tourist sites than local tourists. Sometimes the change in price can be very alarming, but it is controlled by the Tourism Board of India and therefore beyond our control. There will be additional charges for cameras.
Larger cities like Delhi and Mumbai will be more expensive than other cities, especially the hotels. High season between November and January/February is the most expensive time of the year to travel.
There is lots of opportunity to eat out in India, ranging from simple street food (which is extremely tasty) at around 50INR to medium-range restaurants costing around 400INR up to the high-end establishments which will set you back around 1500INR.