Kerala Piravi marks the birth of the state Kerala in India. The very picturesque state of Kerala was formed on 1 November 1956, after India go it’s independence from the British. On this day, malayalees all around the world celebrate the birth of their mother land. The name Keralam is a portmanteau word combining the words ‘kera’ and ‘alam’ which literally translates to ‘coconuts’ and ‘land’. Hence Keralam is known as the land of coconut trees.
Kerala, the home to languid backwaters, long coastlines, sprawling tea gardens and colorful dance forms is famously known as god’s own country. Located on the Malabar coast of southern India, it is a tiny sliver of paradise that is also one of the best tourist destinations one can look for. It is adorned with eminent national parks, serene beaches, ancient temples, quiet villages and bustling cities, and tourist destination that are known to all. The land of simple and literate citizens, Kerala will amuse one with its spectacular dance forms, music and handicrafts. It is considered to be among one of the ten paradises in the world. For holidays in Kerala visit CozyNuk’s Kerala Tour Packages.
Kerala is a 560km long narrow stretch of land with a width of 120km extending from sea to mountains. The state is covered with dense tropical forests, beautiful beaches, backwaters, cliffs fertile plains, still plains and 44 rivers. On one side it has lofty mountains while on the other there is the great Arabian sea in its full glory. Kerala’s spices have lured foreigners from all over the world from time immemorial.
According to archaeologists, the first inhabitants of Kerala had a tint of Negrito. It is believed that they were hunters, and still inhabit the remote mountains of southern India. They possessed a depth of knowledge in herbal medicine, interpreting natural phenomenon etc. Negrito was followed by Austrics, who are the present day Australian aborigines. They introduced farming and cultivated rice and vegetables. Followed by Austrics, came the Dravidians, they absorbed all the skills from the Negrito and aborigines. They strongly believed in mother goddess.
The Govt. of Kerala has come out with a new Tourism Policy to expedite the tourism growth in the state. The policy envisages creation of new customised products for attracting young travellers, professionals, students and artists to the state. It also emphasises on the active participation of the differently-abled and transgenders, while implementing the Responsible Tourism Mission across the State to promote the tourism sector. The Govt has also proposed to establish a Kerala Tourism Regulatory Authority (KTRA) to ensure quality service for tourists and curb unhealthy practices in the tourism sector.
“There is an immediate need to improve the infrastructure facilities across various destinations of the state. The new policy aims to address the key issues of the tourism industry in cooperation with the local bodies such as waste management and renovation of roads. The state has immense tourism potential to attract travellers from all corners of the world. Following the Responsible Tourism Mission, Kerala Tourism has guided all the regional bodies and authorities concerned to implement and follow the Green Protocol at all the destinations of Kerala,” Kadakampally Surendran, Minister for Co-Operation, Tourism and Devaswom, Government of Kerala, said while unveiling the policy.
Venu V, Principal Secretary, Department of Tourism, Government of Kerala said, “The tourism department is keen to appoint a brand ambassador for Kerala Tourism in order to promote the state’s tourism across the globe. The priority has always been to promote Responsible Tourism with active participation of the local bodies and citizens. The new policy would continue to focus on these two main objectives of Kerala Tourism. The sole objective is to double the foreign tourist arrivals and increase domestic tourist arrivals by 50 percent, by 2021.”
P Bala Kiran, Director, Kerala Tourism, and Managing Director, Kannur International Airport said, “With the aim to implement ‘Barrier Free Kerala Tourism’ this year, Kerala Tourism has planned to initiate new infrastructure development projects in order to create accessible and friendly spaces to the differently abled, elderly tourists and transgenders.”
The tourism board has also planned to revise the classification system for ayurveda centres, houseboats and other services with strict norms. In addition to that, a special rating would be introduced for hotels based on the quality of service provided.
The first written evidence of the Kumbh Mela can be found in the accounts of Chinese monk Xuanzang (alternately Hsuan Tsang) who visited India in 629–645 CE, during the reign of King Harshavardhana. However, similar observances date back many centuries, where the river festivals first started getting organised. According to medieval Hindu theology, its origin is found in one of the most popular medieval puranas, the Bhagavata Purana. The Samudra manthan episode (Churning of the ocean of milk), is mentioned in the Bhagavata Purana, Vishnu Purana, the Mahabharata, and the Ramayana.
The festival of kites, celebrated on 15th of January in India.
Makara Sankranti is a Hindu festival celebrated in almost all parts of India and Nepal in a myriad of cultural forms. It is a harvest festival. It is the Hindi/Indo-Aryan languages name for Makara Sankranthi (still used in southern areas as the official name).
Makar Sankranti marks the transition of the Sun into the zodiac sign of Makara rashi (Capricorn) on its celestial path. The day is also believed to mark the arrival of spring in India and is a traditional. Makara Sankranti is a solar event making one of the few Indian festivals which fall on the same date in the Gregorian calendar every year: 14 January, with some exceptions when the festival is celebrated on 13 or 15 January.
Peacock – the National Bird of India. Peacocks are large, colorful pheasants (typically blue and green) known for their iridescent tails. These tail feathers, or coverts, spread out in a distinctive train that is more than 60 percent of the bird’s total body length and boast colorful “eye” markings of blue, gold, red, and other hues. The large train is used in mating rituals and courtship displays. It can be arched into a magnificent fan that reaches across the bird’s back and touches the ground on either side. Females are believed to choose their mates according to the size, color, and quality of these outrageous feather trains.
Best place for the ornithologist and for the people who likes to spend the entire day in bird watching. The park is the host of 230 species of birds, among them some are migratory. The wonderful flying view and the melodious songs of birds always encourages the naturalist, poets and authors to write their best theme sitting amidst the nature.
India and Nepal are a shoppers paradise. Shopping could be a pleasant experience. You may get best selection and bargains in handcrafted jewelry, wooden handicraft, precious & semi precious stones, marble, handmade marble statues, carpets, rugs, silk, handmade paper, handmade paper products and leather goods. Shopping is suggested from reputable shops. Most of them will ship your merchandise in time but it is advisable to bring your purchases with you or ship yourself.
North India – List of cities / states with products known for:
Garments, fabrics, leather, bags, footwear etc.
Garments, handicraft articles, precious & semi precious stones, jewelry, wooden furniture, marble, marble statues, sandstone, carpet, handmade paper products etc.
Carpet, footwear, handicraft articles, leather, garments etc.
India is a great destination for travelers of all different budgets. In terms of a holiday, India has pretty much all climates and sceneries on earth and that fact that it won’t bankrupt you only makes it a more attractive destination.
From accommodation to transport, guides to meals; we have included a short guide below about what you will potentially spend. This can help you effectively plan your journey to India and enjoy your holiday all the more. Whether you are a backpacker, a modest traveler, a luxury-lover or someone who wants to see everything the country has, this country can fit your budget.
We have separated this article into four ranges; Backpacker, Budget, Mid-range and Luxury. Remember that these rates will change depending on the season, hotels, activities, type of transport etc.
Backpacker (20-30$ / 15-20€ per day/per person)
For the backpacker, you can stay in basic accommodation, eat out in modest establishments and obviously sample some of the amazing street food. You will be able to use local buses and non air-conditioned trains. The value for backpackers is that they really immerse themselves in the culture of this wonderful country.
Budget (35-55$ / 25-40€ per day/per person)
This is a modest calculation for the budget traveler. If you really are a diehard backpacker, you can actually live in India for less than this. However, this calculation will include stay in budget hotels, home-stays and cheap dormitories. You will be able to travel in local government and sometimes private transport and non air-conditioned trains. Monuments in India can cost more and the cost will obviously depend on how much you want to see.
Mid-range (55-80$ / 40-60€ per day/per person)
The mid-range budget is what most travelers to India will live on. With this amount of money per day you can really experience some of the places that this fantastic country has to offer. You can stay in interesting hotels such as ‘havelis’ and even old manor houses and palaces where the royalty used to live. You will be able to have a chauffeur and car, some flights, air-conditioned trains and buses. Although there are loads of different types of eateries you can go to, a mid-range restaurant will set you back between 20-25$ or 15-20€.
Luxury (110-160$ / 80 -120€ per day/per person)
There are some of the best and most luxurious hotels in the world in India. You can have 5star treatment, incredible world and local cuisine, a large car with chauffer, internal flights according to your timetable, guides or escorts and much more. Take in mind that larger metropolis cities will be marginally more expensive (such as Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata). As a note, the super-high end hotels will probably set you back from 200€ per day per person.
Travelers take note:
Foreign travelers are generally charged more to enter tourist sites than local tourists. Sometimes the change in price can be very alarming, but it is controlled by the Tourism Board of India and therefore beyond our control. There will be additional charges for cameras.
Larger cities like Delhi and Mumbai will be more expensive than other cities, especially the hotels. High season between November and January/February is the most expensive time of the year to travel.
There is lots of opportunity to eat out in India, ranging from simple street food (which is extremely tasty) at around 50INR to medium-range restaurants costing around 400INR up to the high-end establishments which will set you back around 1500INR.
The history of Incredible India is one of the grand epics of world history and can be best described in the words of India’s first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru as “A bundle of contradictions held together by strong but invisible threads”. Indian history can be characterized as a work in progress, a continuous process of reinvention that can eventually prove elusive for those seeking to grasp its essential character.
The history of this astonishing sub continent dates back to almost 75000 years ago with the evidence of human activity of Homo sapiens. The Indus Valley Civilization which thrived in the northwestern part of the subcontinent from 3300- 1300 BCE was the first major civilization in India.
The Pre Historic Era
1. The Stone Age:
The Stone Age began 500,000 to 200,000 years ago and recent finds in Tamil Nadu (at C. 75000 years ago, before and after the explosion of the Toba Volcano) indicate the presence of the first anatomically humans in the area. Tools crafted by proto-humans that have been dated back to two million years have been discovered in the Northwestern part of the country.
2. The Bronze Age:
The Bronze Age in the Indian subcontinent dates back to around 3300 BCE with the early Indus Valley Civilization. Historically part of ancient India, it is one of the world’s earliest, urban civilizations, along with Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt. Inhabitants of this era developed new techniques in metallurgy and handicraft and produced copper, bronze, lead and tin.
Early Historic Period
1. Vedic Period:
Vedic Period is distinguished by the Indo-Aryan culture which was associated with the texts of Vedas, sacred to Hindus, and that were orally composed in Vedic Sanskrit. The Vedas are some of the oldest extant texts, next to those in Egypt and Mesopotamia. The Vedic era in the subcontinent lasted from about 1500-500 BCE, laying down the foundation of Hinduism and other cultural dimensions of early Indian society. The Aryans laid down Vedic civilization all over North India, particularly in the Gangetic Plain.
This period saw the second major rise in urbanization in India after the Indus valley Civilization. The word “maha” means great and the word “janapada” means foothold of a tribe. In the later Vedic Age a number of small kingdoms or city states had mushroomed across the subcontinent and also find mention in early Buddhist and Jain literature as far back as 1000 BCE. By 500 BCE, sixteen “republics” or Mahajanapadas has been established, namely; Kasi, Kosala, Anga, Magadha, Vajji (or Vriji),Malla, Chedi, Vatsa (or Vamsa), Kuru, Panchala, Matsya, Surasena, Assaka, Avanti,Gandhara, and Kamboja.
A. Persian and Greek Conquests:
Much of the Northwest subcontinent (currently Afghanistan and Pakistan) came under the rule of the Persian Achaemenid Empire in C. 520 BCE under the rule of Darius the Great and remained so for two centuries. In 326 BCE, Alexander the Great conquered Asia Minor and the Achaemenid Empire, when he reached the Northwest frontier of the Indian subcontinent he defeated King Porus and conquered most of Punjab.
B. Maurya Empire:
The Maurya Empire, ruled by the Mauryan Dynasty from 322-185 BCE was a geographically extensive and mighty political and military empire in ancient India, established in the subcontinent by Chandragupta Maurya in Magadha (present day Bihar) and was it further thrived under Ashoka the Great.
3. The Mughal Empire:
In 1526, Babur, a descendant of Timur and Gengis Kahn from Fergana Valler (present day Uzbekistan) swept across the Khyber Pass and established the Mughal Empire which covered modern day Afghanistan, Pakistan, India and Bangladesh. The Mughal dynasty ruled most of the Indian subcontinent till 1600; after which it went into decline after 1707 and was finally defeated during India’s first war of Independence in 1857.
4. Colonial Era:
From the 16th century, European powers such as Portugal, Netherlands, France and the United Kingdom established trading posts in India. Later, they took advantage of internal conflicts and established colonies in the country.
5. The British Rule:
The British Rule in India began with the coming of the British East India Company in 1600 and continued till Indian independence from British rule in 1947.
6. The Indian Independence Movement and Mahatma Gandhi:
In the 20th century Mahatma Gandhi led millions of people in a national campaign of non-violent civil disobedience to contain independence from the British.
7. Independence and Partition:
Religious tension between the Hindus and Muslims had been brewing over the years, especially in provinces like Punjab and West Bengal. The Muslims were a minority and they did not feel secure in the prospect of an exclusively Hindu government and hence made them wary of independence. All through this Mahatama Gandhi called for unity among the two religious groups. The British, whose economy had been weakened after World War 2, decided to leave India and participated in the formation of an interim government. The British Indian territories gained independence in 1947, after being partitioned into the Union of India and the Dominion of Pakistan.